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Structural pruning Chinese elm

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Before pruning After pruning
There is a central leader now but many stems are beginning to grow as tall as and bypass the leader. All upright branches and stems were shortened with either a reduction cut - where a lateral branch was positioned near the point of the desirable cut - or a heading cut if there was not a suitable lateral nearby. Now the leader stands out clearly and is the highest part of the tree. See below for closeup.

Closeup at right shows the top portion of the tree immediately following pruning. Note the presence of one leader to the top of the tree.

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